I have completed my graduation and am looking for a job. Which course should I do - Java, .NET, Android, iOS or PHP

October 4, 2016

Lots of students ask this question. Which course should I do - Java, Android, iOS, .NET, PHP , Python. This is an important question and would have a bearing on the future.


Java is a 4th generation programming language specifically designed to let application developers "write once, run anywhere". This means that compiled Java code can run on all platforms that support Java without the need for recompilation. Java is one of the most popular programming languages in use with a reported 9 million developers. Java is also an Object Oriented language which means it supports the concepts of OOPS introduced in C++.

.NET (pronounced as dot net) is a software framework developed by Microsoft that runs primarily on Microsoft Windows. It provides language interoperability (each language can use code written in other languages) across several programming languages. So, unlike Java .NET is a framework for providing interoperatabiilty on Microsoft Windows.

Android is a mobile operating system developed by Google, based on the Linux kernel and designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets. Android's user interface is mainly based on direct manipulation, using touch gestures that loosely correspond to real-world actions, such as swiping, tapping and pinching, to manipulate on-screen objects, along with a virtual keyboard for text input. So, Android is a mobile operating system.

iOS is a mobile operating system created and developed by Apple Inc. exclusively for its hardware. It is the operating system that presently powers many of the company's mobile devices, including the iPhone, iPad, and iPod Touch. It is the second most popular mobile operating system globally after Android. iPad tablets are also the second most popular, by sales, against Android since 2013. So, like Android iOS is a mobile operating system.

iOS is a server-side scripting language designed primarily for web development but also used as a general-purpose programming language. PHP code may be embedded into HTML or HTML5 markup, or it can be used in combination with various web template systems, web content management systems and web frameworks. PHP code is usually processed by a PHP interpreter implemented as a module in the web server or as a Common Gateway Interface (CGI) executable. So, PHP is server side scripting language.

Reading the above, the choices become clear. Java is a 4th generation programming language. .NET is a Microsoft framework. Android and iOS are mobile operating systems. Applications in Android are written in Java and in iOS on Objective C. PHP is a server side scripting language.

If you have completed your graduation (B.Tech, BCA,B.Sc) or post graduation (MCA, M.Tech, M.Sc) and are looking to get a job as a software developer, what is the best thing to learn. You should learn that which is the fundamental building block and that which is most widely used. The fundamental building block for a software developer job is code and code is written in a programming language. So, you should learn a programming language rather than a framework.

What are the options for programming languages - Java, PHP, C#, C, C++. We have discussed Java and PHP above. Lets learn about C#, C and C++.

C# (pronounced as C Sharp) is a multi-paradigm programming language encompassing strong typing, imperative, declarative, functional, generic, object-oriented (class-based), and component-oriented programming disciplines. It was developed by Microsoft within its .NET initiative and is one of the programming languages designed for the Common Language Infrastructure. Java and C# are almost identical programming languages. James Gosling, who created the Java programming language called C# an "imitation" of Java. So, C# is similar to Java but is used much less.

C is a general-purpose, imperative computer programming language, supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope and recursion. By design, C maps efficiently to typical machine instructions, and is therefore used in low level applications formerly been coded in assembly language, including operating systems andto embedded systems.

C++ C++ (pronounced c plus plus) is a general-purpose programming language. C++ can be though of C with Classes or C with OOPS. It has object-oriented programming features, while also providing facilities for low-level memory manipulation. C++ was designed with a bias toward system programming and embedded, resource-constrained and large systems, with performance, efficiency and flexibility of use as its design highlights.

Due to a lot of issues including complexity, C and C++ are today mostly used for low level programming. Very few applications are developed in C and C++. Also, from a learning perspective, a lot of issues in C and C++ relating to pointers and memory management are unnecessary as modern programming languages do not provide for pointer and memory manipulation. All high level applications avoid pointer and memory manipulation as it is the source of most bugs and errors. So, C and C++ are meant for highly skilled programmers working on system programming.

We had come to the conclusion that programming language is best to learn. Amongst the programming languages, Java has come out to be the best choice as:

  • It is the most widely used language.
  • Learning Java provides a construct to learn both functional programming and OOPS. These skills help in picking up other programming languages as it provides the fundamental framework.
  • Java does not have complications like C and C++ which are unnecessary distractions and leads to enormous effort being put in learning concepts which have little application.

We had started as saying - Lots of students ask this question. Which course should I do - Java, Android, iOS, .NET, PHP etc. The answer is that it is best to learn Java. Master Java. Become a Java Master. By becoming a Java Master, you would developed the skills that will result in a successful career in the software industry. And, by the way, Industry likes Java Masters.


Trisect, the best institute for Java in Delhi NCR and Noida, motto is that every student should become a Java Master ( #JavaMaster , #TrisectJava ). And it is possible to achieve it. Everyone can Become a Java Master. Trisect's course Job Ready Java is specially designed to make a student / fresher a Java Master. A lot of students perceive it as a job oriented training for software job but in reality it is aimed at creating a Java Master. Trisect's relentless focus on Java Master in the Job Ready course has led to a lot of software companies working with Trisect and in 2016 Trisect was able to conduct 127 Trisect Placement Drives.

Also, to help students Trisect, an IIT IIM alumni venture, offers a unique Pay After Placement initiative. Pay After Placement, a social initiative from Trisect reduces the burden on the student and makes the student focus on the job oriented Job Ready Java course. All this effort has resulted in Trisect becoming the best institute for Java in Delhi NCR and Noida.